Under the average period for fasting is understood from one and a half to two weeks, sometimes we also mean fasting after an acidotic crisis. Every day of fasting after a crisis, the body is cleaned and restored, but you can afford to fast for so long only with proper preparation. Anyone who decides to fast for an average term should be sure that he is able to abstract from thoughts of hunger and completely drown them, to be distracted by any other classes.
First you need to learn how to get into and out of starvation correctly, it is better to do this on fasting for a short duration. You should follow all the recommendations for the fasting technique that you decided to take on, and there can be many: cleansing the body with laxatives and enemas, performing exercises and special gymnastics, massage and many others. These recommendations will not only help enhance the effect, but also facilitate the process of fasting, the general condition of a person.
The process of fasting for up to 10 days is similar to fasting until an acidotic crisis is reached, so the way out of it will be the same. If you refuse food for 14 days, you need to go out more carefully, if after two weeks of fasting you overeat or eat heavy food, then the consequences of the gastrointestinal tract will be extremely negative. Medium-term fasting can be carried out no more than twice a year.
Long-term fasting, complete fasting on the water
Fasting for a long time is a process that lasts from 14 to 21 days, sometimes even up to 30 days. Such a technique can be dangerous for those who are desperate to get rid of all excess weight or completely recover from all ailments. You can start long-term fasting only for those who fully understand how the mechanisms of fasting work , and also have received all the necessary skills.
Long starvation is characterized by the onset of a second crisis, it occurs on day 18-20 and does not have such vivid manifestations as the first crisis. People who practice fasting with the maximum permitted frequency of the second crisis may not notice, because their body is quite well cleaned.
Long-term fasting is recommended in the presence of chronic diseases. Books on medicine reveal a huge number of stories of healing from a serious chronic illness through prolonged fasting. This is due to the fact that the body gets rid of the maximum amount of toxins, cleansing occurs at the cellular level, so you can even get rid of a benign tumor. Nevertheless, prolonged fasting can be practiced no more than once a year; for inexperienced people, control by a specialist is desirable.
Starvation can last up to 40 days, but such long courses are selected solely for personal indications. This method was tested by A.A. Suvorin, a specialist in medicine. This is the most difficult of all possible types of starvation, but the effect of it can be extremely high. Fasting by any of the methods will be considered complete only in the situation when the body spends all its own energy reserves, while the weight of the starving person should not decrease by more than 25-30% of the total body weight. If the body loses 40% or more of its normal mass, irreversible changes will be triggered. For this reason, it is important to stop the fasting process in time and exit it correctly, that is, switch to a healthy diet. Fasting for more than 30 days is also dangerous because of the increased likelihood of developing hungry psychosis. In view of the high risks, more often, prolonged fasting is replaced by the fractional technique developed by another medical specialist, G.A. Voitovich.
The most classic and common technique is complete fasting on water, it can be called the standard of fasting. There are others, but this one has passed a number of studies and is considered fully understood. The technique implies the rejection of any food, during the entire period a person consumes only drinking water. During a period of complete fasting, you can not take alcoholic beverages, smoke, even chewing gum is prohibited.
Rules for dry fasting
This is one of the most dangerous methods of exposure to hunger, as it involves the rejection of not only food, but also water. At home, dry fasting should not last longer than two days, in clinical conditions under the supervision of specialists – no more than four days. Refusal of water for a period of more than four days leads to global dehydration of the body, which leads to death. If the body loses 10% of its usual level, then this will cause a painful sensation, and a decrease in water balance by 20-25% leads to death. Symptoms of dehydration are severe thirst, a small amount of urine excreted, dark urine, general weakness in the body.
Dry fasting means that for several days water will not enter the body from outside. Vital activity will be supported by metabolic water, which accumulates in the tissues during metabolism, including due to the release of water during the breakdown of fat. If dry fasting goes right, then in the first day or two its deficit will not exceed a liter, which in percentage terms is a mild form of dehydration.
A feature of dry fasting is the accelerated achievement of all stages of fasting. It doesn’t take several days, but several hours to the stage of food excitement, acidosis rises to a maximum closer to the third day of fasting, acidotic crisis occurs on day 4. From the point of view of losing weight, this technique looks the most attractive, since fat cells decay much faster and more intensively. In terms of effectiveness, three days of dry fasting are equivalent to a week and a half of fasting on water. Many followers of fasting argue that the dry method is easier to tolerate than fasting on water, and before dry fasting, the body does not need to be stimulated to cleanse with laxatives or enemas.
Among athletes of certain disciplines, especially among bodybuilders, a process called “drying” is common. It involves minimizing carbohydrates, fats and salt in the diet, and at the last stage of this diet, the amount of water consumed is reduced. This procedure removes water from the tissues of the body, which makes the muscles visually more prominent. You can’t adhere to such a diet for a long time, therefore, immediately after the competition, athletes switch to normal nutrition.
Combined Fasting Systems
Since dry fasting is more effective than fasting on water, but it can not be carried out for a long time, combined methods that combine both methods are often used. The first stage is dry fasting, it lasts from a day to three, then follows from 7 to 10 days of water fasting (sometimes up to 14 days). The transition from dry to water starvation should be gradual, in the first 3-4 days of starvation on water, it is used in a daily amount of no more than 10-12 mg per kilogram of weight. The remaining period of fasting on water, its amount is not limited.
The first stage in the form of dry fasting contributes to a faster onset of the acidotic crisis, due to which excess weight will leave faster. Combined fasting is used when a person is worried not only about a chronic disease, but also overweight, frequent swelling. The combination of dry and water fasting can significantly reduce the duration of exposure without loss of result. The way out of combined fasting should be the same as with water fasting. Especially this method of fasting is useful for people suffering from hypertension, numerous tests have confirmed high efficiency.