But you need to limit fluids, use salt moderately.
Eat at least 5 times a day in small portions. Periodically,
on the advice of a doctor, it is recommended to spend fasting days.
Diet for hypertension.
The use of salt, meat, fish and mushroom broths, soups and gravy, as well as liquids, is limited. Recommended days (apple, compote), spent in bed rest.
With atherosclerosis, a diet is recommended.
Products containing a lot of fat-like substance – cholesterol (egg yolks, brains, lard) are excluded from the diet; limit the use of butter due to the inclusion of vegetable oil in the diet; Dairy products, sea fish ( cod, chum salmon ) containing iodine, and soybeans, which help dissolve cholesterol and remove it from the body, are recommended . Very useful vegetables , fruits, wholemeal bread.
For tuberculosis, a diet is recommended.
With a high content of animal proteins: milk and dairy products, meat, fish. The diet should include foods containing vitamin C – vegetables, fruits , rosehip broth; B vitamins – liver, yeast drinks; calcium salts – cottage cheese, cheese. The same diet is prescribed for anemia, weight loss after surgery and after illness.
Diet for diabetes.
The diet is carried out individually only as directed by a doctor.
In the diet, carbohydrates are limited (to a certain extent, fats), which reduces the volume of the diet. Therefore, dishes from specially processed vegetables are additionally prepared: salads from greens, cabbage; bread with a high content of bran (washed in boiling water and running water, dried and ground). Eating is recommended at least 4 times a day.
Diet for obesity
Limit the intake of carbohydrates and to a lesser extent – fats.
When obesity is necessary to take food, consisting mainly of vegetables, which are at significant volumes have little caloric value and contribute to the saturation, at least 5 times a day in small portions to avoid increased appetite. For the same purpose, spices and spicy dishes are avoided. Limit the amount of liquids and salt.
Diet for pancreatic diseases
Meals should be frequent and small in volume (not more than 300 g).
With exocrine insufficiency, a diet with a low fat content (30-40 g / day ) is mandatory , even if pancreatic enzymes are used in therapy. Vegetable fats are used, which are well tolerated by patients. In the diet, even with a violation of the carbohydrate, high molecular weight polysaccharides should prevail, and proteins 80-120 g / day .
Day from the onset of the attack. 0-3 days. Assign hunger in the first 1-3 days of exacerbation. Parenteral nutrition, antacids ( phospholugel , maalox, gasterin-gel , gastal ) and degassed alkaline mineral water of the Borjomi type (every 2 hours) are possible according to indications . 4 days. You can: Start with mucous soups, liquid mashed milk cereals, vegetable purees and fruit juice kissels. You can weak tea, mineral water +, a rosehip broth. You can’t: Broths, fatty meats and fish, lamb, pork, goose, duck, sturgeon, fried foods, raw vegetables, fruits , smoked meats, sausages, cheeses, pastry, pastries, brown bread, ice cream, alcohol, spices, spices, butter, sugar, salt, whole milk. 4-7 days. You can Same as in the early days. You can also add crackers, meat and fish of low-fat varieties, steam protein omelet, fresh non-acidic cottage cheese, steam puddings. Unsalted butter in dishes (10 g / day ), baked apples. Jelly, mousse on xylitol, sorb. It is impossible: The same as in the early days. 6-10 days. You can: Gradual inclusion of an expanded diet, an increase in the volume of food and calories. Sugar can be increased to 30 g / day , salt to 5 g / day , butter to 30 g / day in ready-made meals. It is impossible: The same as before. 10-15 days. You can: Add non-fat sour-milk products – yogurt, kefir, soft-boiled egg. It is impossible: The same. 15-60 days (the entire period of remission). You can: The same products as in exacerbation, only dishes can be less sparing. Mashed soups are replaced by regular vegetarian ones, cereals can be thicker, crumbly, pasta, raw vegetables, fruits, spicy soups, doctor sausage, boiled meat in pieces, baked fish. In a small amount, you can sour cream and cream in dishes, yogurt – non-sour. Salt up to 6 g per day. Do not: Pure fats, spicy, sour, spicy, canned food, meat broths, ice cream, coffee, chocolate, beans, sorrel, spinach, radishes, mushrooms, sour apples, lemons, cranberries, cherries, currants, sour juices, alcohol, carbonated drinks, kvass, pastry.