Monthly Archives: April 2020

Injuries to the spine and spinal cord

The number of wounded with gunshot wounds of the spine during the Great Patriotic War ranged from 1 to 4%. The number of injured in the spine during the fighting in Vietnam, according to published American data, did not exceed 4.6%. Classification of injuries of the spine and spinal cord Spinal and spinal cord injuries are divided into… Read More »


Scoliosis is called lateral curvature of the spinal column, which is associated with changes in the position and shape of the vertebrae. One bend (C-shaped scoliosis), two oppositely directed curvatures (S-shaped scoliosis) or three (triple scoliosis) are observed. Each type of scoliosis, depending on the direction of the curvature bulge, has a more detailed designation (for example, left-sided… Read More »

Damage to the nervous system in diseases of the skull and spine

Tuberculous spondylitis Tuberculous spondylitis is the most severe and common form of osteoarticular tuberculosis. In most cases, tuberculosis decay affects the thoracic spine (about 60% of cases), the second place in frequency is the lumbar (about 25% of cases), and the third is the cervical and sacral parts. More often, caries damages the vertebral body; primary damage to… Read More »

Paget’s disease

Paget ‘s disease is a chronic systemic bone disease, but it is often more limited in nature. The origin of the disease remains unclear. Paget ‘s disease is considered to be senile, because its clinical symptoms in noticeable form usually appear at the age of 50-70 years, however, with a targeted x-ray examination, it is possible to identify its initial symptoms in middle… Read More »


Craniostenosis is a deformation of the skull caused by the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures in the early periods of life, when the growth and development of the brain is not yet complete. This delays the growth of the bones of the skull in a direction perpendicular to the closed suture. The causes of craniostenosis are… Read More »

Specific degenerative diseases of the spine

Osteochondrosis It is a degenerative change in the intervertebral disc. Age-related loss of fluids leads to a decrease in the height and strength of its fibrous tissues, as a result of which pseudospondylolisthesis of the mobile segment occurs . Sliding and rubbing movements accelerate the degenerative process. Etiology of osteochondrosis The disease develops mainly under the influence of improper static load… Read More »


At the heart of obesity is a violation of the balance of energy intake and expenditure towards the predominance of the first. It is manifested by excessive deposition of fat in the body, an increase in body weight, a violation of the metabolism and function of a number of systems and organs. Obesity is observed in… Read More »

Diagnosis of obesity

The diagnosis of primary obesity is established based on the available factor of overeating, eating foods rich in carbohydrates and fats, hypokinesia, a hereditary predisposition to obesity, indicators of the absolute amount of fat and the characteristic clinical symptoms of the disease. Differential diagnosis of obesity The differential diagnosis of primary obesity is carried out with… Read More »