Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)

By | January 29, 2020

It belongs to the group of water-soluble vitamins. Got the name “thiamine” due to the presence of sulfur in its molecule. It is a coenzyme of cocarboxylase, necessary for the activation of redox processes in the body. It plays a large role in carbohydrate metabolism, affects the functions of the cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine and nervous systems. The lack of vitamin B1 in food leads to the development of polyneuritis with damage to the motor and sensory nerves (beriberi disease, vitamin B1 deficiency disease).

It is found in milk, nuts, liver, yeast, rye bread, unpolished rice, brewer’s yeast, wheat, rye, brown bread, legumes, pork, liver, nuts, carrots, animal products.

Indications for use.
Polyneuritis, neurodermatitis, pyoderma, furunculosis, rosacea, round-shaped baldness, poor hair growth, with the complex treatment of the cardiovascular system, nervous system, diseases of the liver, intestines.

Mode of application. The daily requirement for vitamin B1 is about 1.5-2 mg for an adult; with heavy physical labor, the need for vitamin rises somewhat. Daily doses for children are selected depending on age from 0.5 mg to 1.7 mg. 

Vitamin B2 (Vitamin B2) . Riboflamin.

It enters the human body with meat and dairy products. Receive also synthetically.
Participates in redox processes, carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism, takes an active part in the synthesis of ATP, the formation of certain hormones and red blood cells.

Indications for use.
Seborrhea, seborrheic hair loss, rosacea, photodermatosis, acne, conjunctivitis, keratitis, cataracts, long-term healing wounds and ulcers, chronic liver diseases, enterocolitis, radiation sickness, asthenia, circulatory failure.

Mode of application.
For therapeutic purposes, adults are prescribed orally from 0.005-0.01 3 times a day for 1-1.5 months; children from 0.002-0.005 g to 0.01 g per day, depending on age; A 0.01% solution of the drug is used in the form of eye drops.
The daily need for vitamin B2 is for an adult about 2.2 -2.5 mg, with heavy physical labor – about 3 mg; for children, depending on age, from 0.6 mg to 2.3 mg.

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