It takes an active part in carbohydrate, protein and porphyrin metabolism. It has a pronounced effect on the central nervous system, causes the expansion of peripheral blood vessels.
Niacin has lipoproteinemic (lowering blood lipoprotein levels) activity. In large doses (3-4 g per day) lowers the content of triglycerides and beta-lipoproteins in the blood.
With a lack of nicotinic acid in the body, a decrease in skin elasticity, peeling, a change in its color, and hair loss are observed.
Indications for use.
Hypercholesterolemia (high blood cholesterol), atherosclerosis, seborrhea, dermatitis, impaired skin pigmentation, pellagra.
Mode of application.
As a hypocholesterolemic (lowering blood cholesterol) drug is prescribed orally first at 0.1 g 3-4 times a day, then the dose is gradually increased to 0.5-1 g at a total daily dose of 3-5 g. Apply after food.
Vitamin P (Vitaminum P). Routine.
This is a group of biologically active substances – Flavonoids, which is designated as Vitamin P, since the body is not able to produce them itself. It is obtained mainly from tea leaves, citrus fruits, grapes, tomatoes, etc. In combination with vitamin C, it enhances redox processes in the body, reduces capillary fragility, prevents oxidation and inhibits the activity of hyaluronidase, and inhibits the production of histamine and serotonin. Vitamin P or rutin is able to normalize the permeability of capillaries and the vascular wall, increasing the strength of blood vessels, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects, helps to dilate blood vessels, reduces arterial pressure, and has anti-edematous and mild antispasmodic effects. Indications for use.
Photodermatosis, seborrhea, hair loss, eczemaerythroderma, telangiectasia, vascular disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis, rheumatism, allergic conditions and others. Vitamin P in large doses can be prescribed as an adjuvant for glaucoma. But it is able to reduce intraocular pressure with prolonged use, “purple disease”, retinal hemorrhages.